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New-onset atrial fibrillation risk factors: Asian vs Western populations


Atrial fibrillation, the most common type of heart arrhythmia, is linked to increased risk of stroke, emboli, heart failure, and heart attack¹.  Incidence of new onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) are increasing in both Asian and Western countries; however, some NOAF risk factors affect Asian and Western countries differently.  Rheumatic heart disease, cardiomyopathy, heart failure, hyperthyroidism, and excess alcohol consumption are ... Read More »

New genes found to be associated with atrial fibrillation in Japanese population

In 2017, Japanese researchers discovered six new genes associated with atrial fibrillation in Japanese individuals: study involved 8180 patients with atrial fibrillation and 28612 control patients. The genetic loci identified include KCND3, HAND2, NEBL, PPFIA4, SLC1A4-CEP68, and SH3PXD2A for atrial fibrillation. Low S, Takahashi A, Ebana Y et al. Identification of six new genetic loci associated with atrial fibrillation in the Japanese population Nature Genetics 49, 953-958 ... Read More »

Diabetes Quick Facts

Below in this book is for anyone who wants to learn about diabetes and its effect on eyes. We hope this book will be useful for diabetic patients and their family members. Chinese Translation We know that Chinese patients have a higher incidence of diabetes and metabolic syndrome, and to this end, we have made a Chinese translation. Vietnamese Translation ... Read More »

Diabetes in China


In 2010, the China National Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders Study Group and the International Diabetes Federation reported that 93 million Chinese adults have diabetes, comprising 9.7% of the Chinese adult population.1,2 The China National Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders Study Group categorized those 93 million adults into two groups:  49.3 million living in urban areas and 43.1 million living in rural areas. ... Read More »

Cardiovascular Disease in China: Why Should We Care?


Editorial Board Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in China.1 From 2005 to 2015, productivity losses are estimated to be RMB $3.6 trillion (US $550 billion) from hypertension, heart disease, diabetes and stroke, according the World Health Organization and World Economic Forum.2,3,4 In May of 2010, the American Heart Association published that deaths from CVD will increase by 73% ... Read More »

Coronary Artery Disease in South Asians


Disclosures: No relevant disclosures Address for Correspondence: Mintu P. Turakhia, M.D. M.A.S Palo Alto VA Health Care System Stanford University 3801 Miranda Ave – 111C Palo Alto CA 94304 Tel (650) 858-3932 Fax (866) 756-3025 E-mail: Sources of Funding: Dr. Turakhia was supported by a Veterans Health Services Research & Development Career Development Award (CDA09027-1) and an American Heart Association National ... Read More »

When to Anticoagulate?

ABSTRACT Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia disorder in the United States. It is a major independent risk factor for stroke and thromboembolism that is influenced by multiple factors and comorbidities. Oral anticoagulant treatments with aspirin and warfarin have been shown to reduce the risk of stroke in AF patients, but warfarin treatment is associated with significant ... Read More »

Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer (RNFL) Changes in Type 2 Diabetes taking Cholesterol Lowering Medications

INTRODUCTION Diabetes has been associated with diabetic neuropathy and now implicated in neurodegenerative disorders.1Glaucoma, according to recent studies, can be considered a neurodegenerative disease, with retinal ganglion cell (RGC) loss and characteristic optic nerve head changes and visual field defects.2, 3 The axons of RGC which compose the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), is the most superficial layer of the ten ... Read More »

Internet Survey of Childhood Hypothyroidism


Vinna Nam BS1, Eric Chen BS2, Steven Young BS3, Anh N. Tran BA1, Samantha Madala4, Gloria Wu5 1University of California, Berkeley; 2 University of British Columbia; 3University of California, Irvine; 4Harker School, San Jose, CA; 5Tufts University School of Medicine Abstract Public health education is an important aspect of healthcare delivery. Surveys, we can assess public health education and interests. ... Read More »