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The Ministerial Conference on Diabetes 2018

The diabetes epidemic is a serious global health issue. In 2016, there were 422 million people worldwide with diabetes (8.5% of the world population), and 1.2 million reported deaths directly caused by diabetes1. As part of a global effort to combat this epidemic, Singapore is hosting the 2018 Ministerial Conference on Diabetes from November 26-27, where over 300 international and ... Read More »

Zika Virus Outbreak in India 2018

India is facing its largest Zika virus outbreak with over 100 cases in Rajasthan, India, including several pregnant women with its first confirmed case in September 20181.  Zika virus is a mosquito-borne disease primarily prevalent in tropical areas around the world such as Brazil, Mexico, and India.  People infected with this virus experience mild or no symptoms at all. Symptoms ... Read More »

Asian Americans are more likely to get gastric cancer

Gastric cancer has a low incidence in the United States, affecting 8.1 males and females of all races per 100,000 based on SEER data from 20001. However, many Asian American ethnic groups have elevated incidence of gastric cancer that are overlooked and should merit additional screening. For example, in one study conducted by Miller et al. in 2008 found that ... Read More »

Cytochrome P450 alleles, Asians, and Omeprazole

55% of Asian patients versus 30% Caucasian patients are missing the allele for the CYT450 system needed for omeprazole metabolism. Thus, Asian patients may experience more complications from omeprazole use after percutanous coronary intervention. “Dual anti-platelet therapy (DAPT) with Aspirin and a Thienopyridine-derivative P2Y12 Inhibitor (commonly Clopidogrel) is mandatory after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI). H2 receptor antagonists (H2RA) or Proton ... Read More »

Increased Occult Atrial Fibrillation in Cryptogenic Stroke Asian Patients

71 patients with cryptogenic stroke had implantable loop monitor placement. Primary endpoint of atrial fibrillation detection was via implantable loop monitor: incidence at 6 months was 12.9%; at 12 months of 15.2%. The authors concluded that occult atrial fibrillation is high in Asian patients with cryptogenic stroke. http://doi/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2018.03.019.  accessed 18 September 2018. Contributors: Gloria Wu MD, Kevin Lu BS Read More »

New genes found to be associated with atrial fibrillation in Japanese population

In 2017, Japanese researchers discovered six new genes associated with atrial fibrillation in Japanese individuals: study involved 8180 patients with atrial fibrillation and 28612 control patients. The genetic loci identified include KCND3, HAND2, NEBL, PPFIA4, SLC1A4-CEP68, and SH3PXD2A for atrial fibrillation. Low S, Takahashi A, Ebana Y et al. Identification of six new genetic loci associated with atrial fibrillation in the Japanese population Nature Genetics 49, 953-958 ... Read More »

long flights to Asia and UV exposure to pilots

Exposure to uv radiation increases approximately 5% for every 1000 feet of altitude. Both infrared (IR) and ultraviolet (uv) radiation are present in our environment, depending on the time of day, year, latitude, altitude and weather conditions and reflectivity of the surrounding surfaces, the pilot will receive more or less radiation. uv-a (400 – 315 nm), uv-B (315 – 280 ... Read More »

photoreceptor ganglion cells and vision

New research shows that in our retina, we have “photoreceptor ganglion cell” which responds to light at 480 nanometer wavelength. This wavelength causes abnormal sleep cycle. But this same cell allows previous blind people to SEE!   In the latest research, they took people born with abnormal eyes and thought to be blind and found they could see when exposed ... Read More »

Vitamin D and cognitive function?

vitamin-d-treatment

Vitamin D is a fat soluble vitamin. Main sources of Vitamin D come from the skin as well as our diet. Vitamin D is mostly commonly known for its importance in bones and now it has been shown to be important for cognitive function. A recent study has found that low levels of vitamin D may be linked to losing ... Read More »

Coconut Oil? Good or Bad

coconut

There are claims that coconut oil, a saturated fatty acid, can help with high cholesterol. However, the American Heart Association and United States Department of Agriculture feel that we have to be careful! Read More »