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Asians and Chronic Kidney Disease (2019)

Asians-and-Chronic-Kidney-Disease-(2019)

Asian patients with chronic kidney disease have an increased risk for hip fracture surgery complications.  In a study performed on 44,065 diabetic Asian patients, 11,954 had chronic kidney disease while 30,449 patients did not have chronic kidney disease.  Both groups had comparable risks of infection. The group of patients with chronic kidney disease had a much higher risk of hospital ... Read More »

“Strong-D Study” with Dr. Latha Palaniappan and Dr. Gloria Wu

strong-d-study

On this episode of Health Talk, Dr. Gloria Wu and guest speaker Dr. Latha Palaniappan, from Stanford CARE and Principle Investigator of the “Strong-D Study” review metabolic syndrome, causes of type 2 diabetes, and health disparities in clinical trial research. Many South Asians and East Asians have normal weight Type 2 Diabetes. Dr. Palaniappan discusses the challenges for treatment of ... Read More »

New-onset atrial fibrillation risk factors: Asian vs Western populations

fibrillation-risk-factors-Asian-vs-Western-populations

Atrial fibrillation, the most common type of heart arrhythmia, is linked to increased risk of stroke, emboli, heart failure, and heart attack¹.  Incidence of new onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) are increasing in both Asian and Western countries; however, some NOAF risk factors affect Asian and Western countries differently.  Rheumatic heart disease, cardiomyopathy, heart failure, hyperthyroidism, and excess alcohol consumption are ... Read More »

Artificial Intelligence to Help Physicians Diagnose

Artificial-Intelligence-to-Help-Physicians-Diagnose

A recent article in the New York Times (Feb 11, 2019)1 reports that artificial intelligence (AI) can be used to make a diagnosis in a pediatric population of 600,000 patients. The data involved 101.6 million data points derived from 1,362,559 patient visits from a pediatric hospital in Guangzhou China.2 Machine learning in this study associated common medical disorders with patient ... Read More »

Philippines Department of Health Confirms Measles Outbreak

Philippines-Department-of-Health-Confirms-Measles-Outbreak

On February 6, 2019, the Philippines Department of Health declared a measles outbreak in Manila, Philippines with over 400 cases and five confirmed deaths from January 1, 2019.  One day later, health officials declared that the outbreak spread to other surrounding regions. As of February 11, 2019, the number of measles cases in the Philippines has risen to 4,300 people ... Read More »

Singaporean Chinese Women: Abdominal obesity is worse for cardiovascular health than general obesity

Obese Women  with highlighted pancreas

The incidence of obesity has been steadily rising in developed and developing countries, affecting 13% of the global adult population. Obesity is strongly associated with health complications and diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and other cardiovascular diseases1. In one recent study conducted by Goh and Hart with 1,326 Singaporean Chinese women aged 29 to 71, the researchers found that only ... Read More »

Han Chinese: Gene polymorphisms associated with risk of age-related macular degeneration

Medical Fundus photo of retinal pathology, hemmorhages, vein occlusion, macular degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness in patients greater than 55 years of age in the US. Age-related macular degeneration  affects 2.44% of Chinese people aged 45-49 years; 18.98% of Chinese people aged 85-89 years³.  Researchers from the Department of Ophthalmology of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China concluded that four gene polymorphisms, CX3CR1 839C/T ... Read More »

East Asians and the ALDH2*2 gene

The gene ALDH2, encodes the aldehyde dehydrogenase enzymes which serve to break down  aldehydes after alcohol consumption. However, 540 million people globally of the East Asian descent carry the ALDH2*2 gene variant which is the inactive form of the ALDH2 gene¹. This leads to the accumulation of aldehydes which can result in an increased risk of several types of cancer ... Read More »

Major differences in cardiovascular risk profiles in Chinese Australians as compared to non-Chinese

Chinese Australians have lower cardiovascular disease and stroke incidence as compared with non-Chinese Australians. However, they have worse cardiovascular risk profiles, including a higher prevalence of diabetes, smoking, and a lower exercise level. Furthermore, mixed-Chinese populations have even worse cardiovascular risk profiles. 1. Marked differences in cardiovascular risk profiles in middle-aged and older Chinese residents: Evidence from a large Australian ... Read More »