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Author Archives: Gloria Wu

Lung Disease Potentially Linked to E-Cigarette Use


As of August 22 2019, there were 193 reported cases of potential severe lung disease associated with e-cigarette use or vaping reported in 22 states1, and one case of death of an Illinois resident2. The state department of health is currently investigating whether or not e-cigarette use is directly associated with severe lung disease. Though all the patients in the reported ... Read More »

Dangerously High Salt Intake in China


A systematic review and meta-analysis published in the Journal of the American Heart Association1 on July, 11 2019, found that the average sodium intake among all age groups in China are twice the recommended limits and the potassium intake was less than half the recommended limits. This is of concern because high sodium and low potassium intakes lead to increases ... Read More »

New York City Reports End of Measles Outbreak


On September 3, 2019, New York City officially announces the end of the measles outbreak. New York City recently had the largest measles outbreak in the last three decades. According to the New York City Health Department1, beginning in October 2018, there have been 654 reported cases, 52 measles-related hospitalizations, and 16 intensive care hospitalizations. Among the measles cases 73% ... Read More »

Patient Age and Location Dependent Gender Discrimination in India


A recent study1 published on May 30, 2019 in BMJ Open found that gender discrimination affected female patients in India across younger and older age groups, and also for those that lived at further distances from the hospital. This study used a dataset of 2,377,028 outpatient appointments at a large public hospital and found an overall sex ratio of 1.69 ... Read More »

Optic-Nerve Stimulation For the Blind


A recent article published last month (August 19, 2019) in Nature1 reports a potential way to aid the blind by stimulating the optic nerve. The researchers placed an intraneural electrode array intraneurally to directly induce distinct electrical stimulation to the optic nerve, recording patterns via an electrocorticography (ECoG) array. Previous studies2 on stimulating the optic nerve did not yield conclusive ... Read More »

Artificial Intelligence to Help Physicians Diagnose


A recent article in the New York Times (Feb 11, 2019)1 reports that artificial intelligence (AI) can be used to make a diagnosis in a pediatric population of 600,000 patients. The data involved 101.6 million data points derived from 1,362,559 patient visits from a pediatric hospital in Guangzhou China.2 Machine learning in this study associated common medical disorders with patient ... Read More »

Cytochrome P450 alleles, Asians, and Omeprazole

55% of Asian patients versus 30% Caucasian patients are missing the allele for the CYT450 system needed for omeprazole metabolism. Thus, Asian patients may experience more complications from omeprazole use after percutanous coronary intervention. “Dual anti-platelet therapy (DAPT) with Aspirin and a Thienopyridine-derivative P2Y12 Inhibitor (commonly Clopidogrel) is mandatory after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI). H2 receptor antagonists (H2RA) or Proton ... Read More »

Increased Occult Atrial Fibrillation in Cryptogenic Stroke Asian Patients

71 patients with cryptogenic stroke had implantable loop monitor placement. Primary endpoint of atrial fibrillation detection was via implantable loop monitor: incidence at 6 months was 12.9%; at 12 months of 15.2%. The authors concluded that occult atrial fibrillation is high in Asian patients with cryptogenic stroke. http://doi/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2018.03.019.  accessed 18 September 2018. Contributors: Gloria Wu MD, Kevin Lu BS Read More »