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Author Archives: Gloria Wu

Clinical course and risk factors for mortality of adult inpatients with COVID-19 in Wuhan China (Lancet)


Background Since December, 2019, Wuhan, China, has experienced an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients with COVID-19 have been reported but risk factors for mortality and a detailed clinical course of illness, including viral shedding, have not been well described. Methods In this retrospective, ... Read More »

COVID-19 Update from China

The 2/19/2020  Chinese Health and Public Health Ministry Guideline on Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Diagnosis and Treatment (Revision #6) (Anlin Xu MD, translation for the  US Healthcare System/Hospitals/Clinics)   Characteristics of Pathogen   The Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) belongs to the family of beta Coronavirus family.  It has significant genetic differences from SARSr-CoV, and MERSr-CoV.  Current research indicates that it has 85% ... Read More »

Health Research Disparities For Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, & Native Hawaiians


In a cross-sectional study1 published on July 24th, 2019, researchers found that clinical research projects that are focused on Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, and Native Hawaiians, funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) between 1992 and 2018 comprised just 0.17% of the NIH’s total budget. Of 5460 records in their search criteria, 529 clinical research projects were focused on ... Read More »

“Gaming Disorder” Included in ICD-11


On May 25th, the World Health Organization (WHO) officially agreed1 to adopt the eleventh version of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11). These classifications will come into effect in 2022. Among the eleventh revision is the inclusion of recognizing “gaming disorder,” or gaming addiction, as a modern disease. The diagnosis of the gaming disorder is ... Read More »

Lung Disease Potentially Linked to E-Cigarette Use


As of August 22 2019, there were 193 reported cases of potential severe lung disease associated with e-cigarette use or vaping reported in 22 states1, and one case of death of an Illinois resident2. The state department of health is currently investigating whether or not e-cigarette use is directly associated with severe lung disease. Though all the patients in the reported ... Read More »

Dangerously High Salt Intake in China


A systematic review and meta-analysis published in the Journal of the American Heart Association1 on July, 11 2019, found that the average sodium intake among all age groups in China are twice the recommended limits and the potassium intake was less than half the recommended limits. This is of concern because high sodium and low potassium intakes lead to increases ... Read More »

New York City Reports End of Measles Outbreak


On September 3, 2019, New York City officially announces the end of the measles outbreak. New York City recently had the largest measles outbreak in the last three decades. According to the New York City Health Department1, beginning in October 2018, there have been 654 reported cases, 52 measles-related hospitalizations, and 16 intensive care hospitalizations. Among the measles cases 73% ... Read More »

Patient Age and Location Dependent Gender Discrimination in India


A recent study1 published on May 30, 2019 in BMJ Open found that gender discrimination affected female patients in India across younger and older age groups, and also for those that lived at further distances from the hospital. This study used a dataset of 2,377,028 outpatient appointments at a large public hospital and found an overall sex ratio of 1.69 ... Read More »

Optic-Nerve Stimulation For the Blind


A recent article published last month (August 19, 2019) in Nature1 reports a potential way to aid the blind by stimulating the optic nerve. The researchers placed an intraneural electrode array intraneurally to directly induce distinct electrical stimulation to the optic nerve, recording patterns via an electrocorticography (ECoG) array. Previous studies2 on stimulating the optic nerve did not yield conclusive ... Read More »